Late last week, the flues for the 611 arrived in Spencer. The flues help to heat the water that creates the steam that powers the locomotive.
The Virginia Museum of Transportation and the Fire Up 611! Committee are pleased to report that the restoration of the Norfolk & Western Class J 611 Steam Passenger Locomotive is approximately 45 percent complete.
“We are pleased with the professionalism, technical expertise and passion our mechanical team and volunteers are bringing to this project,” says Beverly T. Fitzpatrick, Jr., executive director of the Virginia Museum of Transportation.
Busy weeks ahead
In the next few weeks, the mechanical team, led by Scott Lindsay and Tom Mayer of Steam Operations Corp., will install a new rear flue sheet and finish installing the stay bolt caps. Bob Yuill is continuing the repairs to the superheater units. The air compressors are close to being reassembled and the feed water systems are being inspected and made road ready.
Work also continues on 611’s tender. Within the next few weeks the tender’s stoker screw and tender deck will be made as good as new.
Bob Yuill, a former Norfolk Southern General Foreman for Steam — is tasked with inspecting and repairing all 60 of the 611’s superheaters.
The Elesco Type E superheater units re-heat the steam generated by the boiler, increasing its thermal energy and giving the 611 more efficient power. Bob inspects each superheater carefully, looking for any defects or thin spots in the steel tubes. After the superheaters are inspected and fixed, Bob fills the superheater with water and hydrostatically tests the units. If a superheater does not pass the test, Bob rebuilds the unit to its original design specifications.
A requirement of 611’s 1472-day inspection is the inspection of each staybolt. To perform the inspection the cap must be removed, bead blasted and have its pressure bearing seat ground. The bolt is tested and if it is not broken a new copper washer is installed and the cap is reinstalled. With over 2,200 flexible staybolts the job is time consuming for the 611’s mechanical crew.
Arts & Extras: 611 steam engine undergoes ultrasound as restoration continues – Roanoke Times: Arts & Extras.
The Roanoke Times’ story on the restoration and the boiler inspection.
Ultrasonic testing is complete (and results are being analyzed). Superheater testing and repair is underway. So what now? The 611 mechanical team is moving on to other projects — like the valves and cylinders.
The Class J locomotives were designed with piston valves (manufactured by Baker), and has two cylinders, both 27 inches x 32 inches.
The valve and cylinder heads are removed and a cardboard cover installed to keep dirt out. Photo by Preston Claytor.
June 4, 2014: As soon as Streamliners at Spencer ended, the restoration work began — quickly. Within days, the iconic nose was off and the skirts removed. A crew from the Age of Stream Roundhouse made the trip to Spencer, NC, to give us a hand.
The work was summed up by a fan on Facebook — “Jewelry off. This is getting serious.”
The restoration was underway.
The 611 arrived at the North Carolina Transportation Museum in Spencer, North Carolina, in time for Streamliners at Spencer, an event that brought together 1930s to 1950s streamlined locomotives from all over the United States.
On May 30 — one day past the 611’s 64th birthday — the first wrench was turned and the first bolt was removed from the iconic locomotive by Wick Moorman, Norfolk Southern’s Chairman, in a ceremony in front of thousands of rail fans that had gathered for the occasion. The turning of the wrench signaled the beginning of the mechanical restoration.
The story behind the story
Behind the ceremony is a special story, and it involves an old wrench, cherished memories and a tribute to a good father by his grateful son.
The wrench that Mr. Moorman used was a 14-inch Walworth “Genuine Stillson” pipe wrench. The wrench was once owned by James Sylvester Stump, Sr., father of James Stump, the vice chairman of the Fire Up 611! Committee. Jim’s dad worked for Norfolk & Western from 1934 to 1975; the wrench always in his toolbox, ready and willing to be used on Norfolk & Western locomotives and cars.
“My dad loved the Class J locomotives and he always referred to them as ‘locomotives’ — not engines,” Jim said. “He was very proud of all the Norfolk & Western’s home-built Roanoke steamers.”
Jim said that his dad followed all the J’s. “During heavy passenger loads around holidays, Dad was often asked to work overtime in the Roanoke ‘Coach’ Yard adding and changing passenger cars,” he said. “The cars he added and removed from the busy passenger trains were behind the 611 and the other J-class locomotives.”
Watching Mr. Moorman turn the wrench to symbolize the beginning of the restoration touched Jim and his family deeply. “Little did we know that the Walworth 14 Wrench would once again be recalled to service on a very special Norfolk & Western J Class 611 on a very special day.”
On May 24, 2014, thousands upon thousands of people gathered at the Virginia Museum of Transportation and throughout downtown Roanoke to watch the Class J 611 leave for the North Carolina Transportation Museum in Spencer, North Carolina, for her long-awaited restoration.
At 2 pm, the horn on the Norfolk Southern diesels blew, the bells rang, and slowly the 611 was backed out of her prime spot under the pavilion. The tracks groaned under her weight. Camera shutters snapped and video rolled as people recorded the moment.
What words or pictures can’t capture is the joy that cascaded through the Roanoke Valley on that sunny day. The applause, loud and clear and thrilling, could be heard blocks away. Fans in the Railyard, on the bridges and bunched along the fence next to the tracks simultaneously screamed when they saw her rolling. Even before the 611 came into view, the applause and cheering alerted you that she was seconds away.
The moment had arrived. This was no longer a dream. The restoration of the Class J 611 was a reality.